La Manna, Manfredi - How to achieve short-term green open access and long-term radical reform of scholarly communication. The BitViews Project as a test case

elpub:6291 - ELectronic PUBlishing, April 18, 2020, Charting The Futures(s) of Digital Publishing - https://doi.org/10.4000/proceedings.elpub.2020.17
How to achieve short-term green open access and long-term radical reform of scholarly communication. The BitViews Project as a test case

Authors: La Manna, Manfredi

The Open Access movement has reached adulthood, but not maturity: fewer than one-third ofnewly-published peer-reviewed articles are available open access (OA) and progress widening OAhas stalled. Scores of uncoordinated initiatives try to achieve universal OA, but academic journalpublishing is still dominated by a handful of powerful commercial publishers. Individual authorsshow little interest in OA and indeed have to be mandated (see the UK REF or Plan S) to releasetheir research on OA. The BitViews Project is a low-cost, no-risk, high-return initiative to turn allacademic journals «green» through a combination of blockchain technology, provision ofappropriate incentives to authors, and a new crowdfunding mechanism. The project is predicatedon the active participation of individual libraries taking direct action. The paper will provide aninterim report on the progress of the project and an account of how libraries and their variousassociations (both in the global South and in the global North) have reacted to the project. Theconcluding section of the paper sketches a possible direction for academic journal publishing inthe near future. Huge savings and increased efficiency can flow to the academy from finallydissolving its current one-sided contract with publishers and from reclaiming control of thepeer-review process. Practical and incentive-based suggestions are proposed for the transitionfrom publisher-owned to academy-owned peer review.


Volume: Charting The Futures(s) of Digital Publishing
Section: Long Papers
Published on: April 18, 2020
Submitted on: April 18, 2020
Keywords: conditional crowdfunding,open access,BitViews,blockchain,online usage data,peer review,author’s approved manuscript,library activism,[SHS.INFO]Humanities and Social Sciences/Library and information sciences


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