Short Papers

The Extent of Adoption of e-Publishing by University Presses in Kenya

Wafula, Michael,  ; Musakali, Joseph,  ; Muliaro, Joseph, .
Knowledge creating and dissemination is synonymous with institutions of higher learning. However, many institutions, especially in Africa spurn electronic publishing (e-publishing), failing to join most parts of the world that have embraced it with very positive results. Though connected to internet and the World Wide Web, only a number of universities practice electronic publishing. This paper aims to study the electronic publishing trends in institutions of higher learning and identify the opportunities and challenges faced by academic publishers in Kenya. The objectives of the study are to: identify institutions that practice academic publishing in Kenya; examine the relationship between authors’ knowledge on e-publishing platforms and publishers’ choice of e-platforms; analyze whether an existing work relationship between the publisher and an author influences the format of a publication; examine whether or not there is an association between levels of staff experiences within publishing and e-publishing. This is a research survey that employed a mixed method approach. The sample frame of 49 universities was used. Judgmental sampling was used in selecting key participants under the study. Data were collected by questionnaires and document analysis where simple descriptive statistical analysis was done based on objectives of the study to gauge the relationships between variables. Findings of the survey show that 12.2% of the Kenyan academic publishers are engaged in […]

Science should be open, right?: A survey conducted by the Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts (ZRC SAZU) on the use of academic literature and open science

Pogačnik, Aleš.
What does “open science” mean to researchers? A survey of researchers at the Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts (ZRC SAZU) suggests some interesting conclusions, particularly as far as the humanities are concerned. According to the responses, most of these researchers are in favour of open science as a matter of personal conviction. However, when it comes to publishing their own work, hardly any would consent to being published under some basic conditions of open science (adaptation, commercial use). Furthermore, they do appreciate subscription-based e-libraries, although they admit to using other methods, e.g. “resourcefulness”, to gain access to research papers. They would rather not pay to be published or to acquire an e-article of a fellow researcher. They read predominantly in English, with the second language of their research literature being Slovenian (before any other language). Even the most productive age group (40–50 years of age) write more articles than they perform peer-reviewing. They do not support open reviews, yet they consider peer-reviews to be very important; in their opinion peer-reviewing should be included in their evaluation. The survey and its results are just a minor example from a European country, but they have a very clear and universal message: open science is something yet to be defined.

Service intermediation as a concept for an institutional publishing department

Cremer, Fabian ; Neumann, Katrin.
The service portfolio of the institutional publishing platform is built on partnerships, cooperations, and community networks. The paper discusses context, preconditions, best practices and challenges of an institutional service concept relying on services outside the institution.

The significant difference in impact: An exploratory study about the meaning and value of metrics for open access monographs

Wennström, Sofie ; Schubert, Gabor ; Stone, Graham ; Sondervan, Jeroen.
This paper analyses usage statistics, citation data and altmetrics from a university press publishing open access monographs. The bibliometric data is then contrasted to the outcome of a survey of attitudes and behaviour among authors and editors who have published open access books. The metrics indicate that downloads and citations depend on the community of practice of the intended audience within each specific academic discipline, as well as the content itself. There is, for example, a clear difference in usage patterns between monographs and anthologies. The altmetric data used in the study indicate how users interact with the published books online. The data suggests, despite the small sample, that authors can to a greater extent influence how their book is discovered by the readership. It would, therefore, be relevant for authors to become more aware of the type of metrics available and how they can be interpreted and used for better understanding of how the book can reach its intended audience. Further studies are needed, and publishers of open access books are encouraged to share data for benchmarking and development of best practices.

Modeling scholarly publications for sustainable workflows

Thoden, Klaus.
This study deals with the strategy of converting the workflow and document basis from a proprietary format to a fully standards-compliant system in the context of a publishing platform, that offers multiple output formats of monographs in the arts and humanities. It stresses the importance of creating an abstract document model as the basis for this single-source publishing approach and how a model offers guidance on each step of the way in book production.

If, Alongside Libraries, Funders Pulled Their Weight: A Study in Universal Open Access

Willinsky, John.
This demonstration study sets out the way in which a model for open access can work in which funders pay the portion of publishing costs associated with the articles that acknowledge research funder. Using the field of anthropology, this analysis presents the participation incentives and advantages behind of an open access model in which a journal article’s publication costs are paid by either (a) the research funder(s) acknowledged by the article or, if without a funder, (b) the libraries whose patrons read and utilize the research. Using both hypothetical and actual examples, the paper describes how the existing metadata systems such as Crossref’s Open Funder Registry can be utilized to automate the implementation of the model. It also addresses the model’s economic impact, from an initial pilot study to large-scale implementation, for the principal stakeholders in scholarly communication.

Shared Infrastructure for Next- Generation Books: HIRMEOS

Hole , Brian ; De Virgilio , Francesco ; Bowley , Chealsye.
This paper presents an introduction and status report on work being done to provide shared infrastructure for open access book publishers under the HIRMEOS (High Integration of Research Monographs in the European Open Science infrastructure) project. It focuses specifically on the work being done to provide shared altmetrics services, including reporting on annotation activity.

Publishing Authentic, Private, Personal Data About Service Quality of Healthcare for Pain

Pennefather , Peter ; Suhanic , West ; Lakha , Fatima ; Fels , Deborah , .
An inclusive systemic design is specified for publishing data derived from personal private health records, owned and curated by patients. The design is specified with an example of a digital scrapbook of private personal records of care for medically significant pain. This scrapbook is designed to aggregate private records of patient pain experiences and of the care and accommodations they access. The design also specifies how to store, access and analyze those private records through distributed ledgers and how qualitative and quantitative data derived from that private data can be published as a common pool resource with polycentric governance.

The DOAJ Ambassador Programme: An Example Project for Promoting Cognitive Justice in the Global South

Olyhoek , Tom ; Porrett , Barbara ; Mitchell , Dominic.
Global scientific publishing, including open access publishing, is heavily biased towards journals and authors from the Global North. This has resulted in a knowledge gap between the South and the North. It has led to a situation where scientific knowledge from the Global South is very much underrepresented in the collective scientific output worldwide: a problem which has been described as cognitive injustice. Unfortunately this situation is not helped by the fact that many questionable publishers are based in countries in the Global South. To address these issues the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) started an Ambassador programme in 2016 with the help of funding from the International Development Research Centre (IDRC Canada). The main objective of the programme was to increase the number of quality open access journals published, and the quality of open access publishing, in the Global South.