Practitioner Papers


Peer Community In: A free process for the recommendation of unpublished scientific papers based on peer review

Guillemaud, Thomas ; Facon, Benoit ; Bourguet, Denis.
The current system of scientific publication is faced with several serious problems: its cost and lack of transparency and the long time from the obtainment of scientific results to their publication. We also believe that the economic model on which the current publishing system is based perverts the system. We have created Peer Community In (PCI)—https://peercommunityin.org/ ; https://youtu.be/4PZhpnc8wwo—to tackle all these problems. This project is based on the publication of critical evaluations and recommendations of articles that have not yet been published, but are freely available in electronic form from open archives on the Internet, in which they have been deposited. These evaluations and recommendations are performed by researchers acting on a voluntary basis with no links to private publishers. Publication costs disappear: PCI validates, distributes and allows consultation of the articles submitted free of charge. The time lag to information access is eliminated: the […]

Strengthening bibliodiversity: The current situation in France at national and institutional levels

Lutz, Jean-François ; Lafait, Jacques.
Almost one year after the announcement of the French National Plan for Open Science, the intervention aims at presenting a progress report on achievements in strengthening bibliodiversity and setting up a National Open Science Fund, two of the objectives of the Plan. At the national level, the work was carried out within a working group the Open Science Committee. Four complementary aspects were taken into account:•the establishment of exemplary criteria to assess infrastructures and platforms in terms of governance, ethics, openness and sustainability. These 40 criteria are to be used in the evaluation of the initiatives that will apply to the National Open Science Fund.•support for the strategic orientation of the National Open Science Fund.•the drafting of recommendations for the implementation of Plan S by the Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR), which is member of cOAlition S.•information exchange and coordination with other initiatives such as OA2020 and SCOSS.At the […]

Monitoring Open Access at a national level: French case study

Jeangirard, Eric.
After the launch of multiple plans for Open Science, there is now a need for an accurate method or tool to monitor the Open Science trends and in particular Open Access (OA) trends. We address this requirement with a methodology that we developed and tested for France, but that could be extended to other countries. Only open data and information available on the Web are used, leveraging as much as we can large-scale systems such as Unpaywall, HAL (the main open repository in France, part of the CNRS), ORCID and IDRef (referential for French Higher Education and Research). We used rule-based and machine learning techniques to enrich the metadata of the publications. We estimate that the overall OA rate for French affiliated publications ranges from 39% to 42% between 2013 and 2017. The trend is slightly up, except for the last year, but we gather evidence that shows this is a consequence of the moving nature of the OA status. Therefore these figures should be seen as a snapshot rather […]

The Centre Mersenne, one year of operation

Bouche, Thierry ; Miot, Evelyne ; Vaudaine, Célia.
The article describes the results of the first year of the Centre Mersenne for Open Scientific Publishing, a diamond open access platform for scientific publications developed by Mathdoc, a joint service unit based in Grenoble (France).The Centre Mersenne was launched on 1st January 2018 to offer the scientific community a new open access publication solution for journals publishing in LaTeX and thus contributes to bibliodiversity.This article discusses challenges faced by the Centre Mersenne while implementing concretely its goals, refining its business model, and actions taken to address the needs of new journals.This article specifically focuses on the three new journals launched during that year, among which two newly-created and one ‘flipped’ journal, as well as two newly-migrated journals from Cedram, a dissemination platform for mathematics journals bound to disappear.

In Search of a Sustainable Model for Digital Heritage Repositories: A Case Study

Fargier Nathalie.
A wide range of initiatives for developing research and data infrastructures have been funded in recent years. There is a growing concern amongst the academic community to maintain the resources invested beyond the period of the original research funding. If technical progress has been made to preserve the data themselves, few thinking and operational solutions exist for the institutions that create, disseminate, curate and preserve the data. How to ensure their existence over the medium or the long-term? This paper is a case study: it addresses the sustainability issues faced by Persée, a French platform dedicated to digitized documentary heritage that was launched in 2003. Through this example, the aim is to present, in practical terms, how an organization has to adapt and to change to sustain over time. Persée tested and combined various mechanisms (technical actions, users’ involvement, organizational evolution, marketing, funding models) with reciprocal influence, to achieve […]

Collecting Inclusive Usage Metrics for Open Access Publications: the HIRMEOS Project

Arias Javier.
Open Access has matured for journals, but its uptake in the book market is still delayed, despite the fact that books continue to be the leading publishing format for social sciences and humanities. The 30-months EU-funded project HIRMEOS (High Integration of Research Monographs in the European Open Science infrastructure) tackles the main obstacles of the full integration of five important digital platforms supporting open access monographs. The content of participating platforms will be enriched with tools that enable identification, authentication and interoperability (via DOI, ORCID, Fundref), and tools that enrich information and entity extraction (INRIA (N)ERD), the ability to annotate monographs (Hypothes.is), and gather usage and alternative metric data. This paper focuses on the development and implementation of Open Source Metrics Services that enable the collection of OA Metrics and Altmetrics from third-party platforms, and how the architecture of these tools will allow […]

The Launch of Centre Mersenne, a Technical Infrastructure to Support the Move Towards Diamond Open Access

Bouche , Thierry ; Miot , Evelyne ; Vaudaine , Célia.
The aim of this paper is to present the Centre Mersenne for Open Scientific Publishing, a new open access scien-tific publishing infrastructure for publications written in LaTeX.The Centre Mersenne was launched in January 2018 with the first volume of the newly-created journal Algebraic Combinatorics.This non-profit initiative hosted by French public institutions was created to address a growing need within the scientific community for alternative solutions simultaneously scalable, sus-tainable, trustworthy, of high quality and at fair price.The Centre Mersenne supports publica-tions such as journals, books and pro-ceedings from any scientific disci-pline, provided they are written in La-TeX and engaged towards Diamond open access.

Sustainability in Publishing: An Open Access Publisher’s View

Rittman Martyn.
Sustainability is an essential part of the work of publishers. Here, the view of an open access publisher, MDPI, is presented with regards to sustainability within publishing. MDPI’s understanding of sustainability is given and some of the concrete actions it leads to. These include supporting umbrella initiatives, exploring alternative business and editorial models, elements of open science, and ensuring the long-term sustainability of published content. Our aim is to demonstrate actions that could be taken by other publishers and to invite dialog with the broader research community for how a large open access publisher can contribute to a sustainable knowledge ecosystem.

Full Disclosure: Open Business Data and the Publisher's Cookbook

Nordhoff , Sebastian ; Kopecky , Felix.
This short paper presents the three main outcomes of the OpenAire project “Full disclosure: replicable strategies for book publications supplemented with empirical data”: a fully specified bu-siness model; accountacy data; and a “cookbook” containing recipes how to set up a resilient community-based book publisher. The provision of these items available for free reuse will allow other publishing projects to unders-tand, adapt, and modify the community-based model of Language Science Press.

Simplifying OA Policy Compliance for Authors Through a Publisher- Repository Partnership

Maistrovskaya , Mariya ; Hum-Delaney , Judy.
In April of 2015, Canadian Science Publishing (CSP) in partnership with the University of Toronto Libraries launched an automated manuscript deposit service. Upon author’s opt-in, an automated workflow transfers their accepted manuscript from the publisher system into the University of Toronto research repository, TSpace, where it is made openly available with a reference to the final version on the journal website. This free service is available to authors publishing their work in CSP’s NRC Research Press journals and is of particular interest to grant recipients looking to comply with the Tri-Agency Open Access Policy on Publications that came into effect in 2015. This paper provides an overview of the partnership and the workflow that makes over 1,200 manuscripts openly available annually. It also shares the script that can be adopted by other libraries and publishers looking to provide automated deposit service to authors for the purpose of funder mandate compliance, green OA, or […]

ScholarlyHub: A Progress Report at Six Months

Geltner , Guy ; Willinsky , John.
ScholarlyHub (SH) was launched in November 2017 as a portal to fund and create a social network for scholarship-using individuals and communities that is supported and directed from the bottom up and not beholden to venture capitalists on the one hand and governments on the other. As an inclusive, member-run portal, it hopes to connect rather than replace numerous non-profit and open-source OA initiatives, which tend to lack a visible and attractive front end, and which may not currently be interoperable. If its goals can be realized, SH may offer one solution to the full workflow platforms that for-profit conglomerates are on the cusp of achieving. This practitioner’s paper presents the key characteristics of SH and offers an early progress report.